Different types of Yoga in Hinduism


Yoga is known to many as an exercise, posture, and meditation. This kind of Yoga is called Astanga Yoga which happens to be a small part of larger Yogic Knowledge practiced and professed by Yogic seers. The Sanskrit word Yoga comes from the root word Yuj which means to link or connect, it can also mean Path. One of revered Vedic scripture -Bha­gavad Gita -offers significant insight into this sub­ject. Each of Bhagavad Gita's 18 Chapters teaches 18 different kinds of Yoga, each of which could be interpreted in a way as to find balance, happiness, success as well as opulence in our personal as well as professional life. Here's a perspective on this timeless wisdom for day to day application:

VISHADA YOGA

Path of the Problems are natural in life. But when they arise it's important to find some solid solu­tions. In the first chapter of Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna is depressed and wants to give up the fight for he thinks it makes no sense. Arjuna in many ways is feeling what most of the people feel at work -frustration, ir­ritation as well as anxiety. When under the influence of these conditions people often consider giving up, rather than standing their ground and doing whatever the best they can. The problem in such a situation is not as much as the situation but the state of mind -dejection. When such feelings are uprooted without a trace we all know how insurmountable we can be. Overcoming such path of dejection - Vishada -and having a constant steady and unfettered mind is among the most important objectives of Yoga. Most people with trivial problems are at this stage of Yoga.



SAMKYA YOGA

Path of Anal Everyone understands the significance of analysis.There are also extremists who believe in analysis until paralysis. It's important to shun extremes in life. Extremes-good or bad -are counterproductive.  In analysis, it's important to be objective rather than subjective. To be able to see the greater good in even difficult situation one needs to have a mind that's undisturbed. When the mind is bereft of negative feelings and impressions we can be better analysts. Samkhya Yoga is an analytical path to find a way out of the path of Vishada.

KARMA YOGA

Path of Action. It teaches all about action and reaction -Law of Causation or Karma with greater depth. Its emphasis is on teaching how excessive indulgence in sense gratification can lead to bondage and eventually to the destruction of all that is good. It also suggests why activ­ity should be performed with detachment. One of the greatest challenges in today's commercial world is unhealthy competition. This sense of extreme competition comes from a sense of insecurity -which too can be translated as Vishada. Fear is a very negative component. It hurts greater than it can ever help. Thus, we see there are so many stress related diseases, including Hy­pertension, Diabetes, and Debility, faced by business leaders as well as managers. Karma Yoga also explains the greater wisdom of nature; how everything happens due to a cause. Even science can testify to the fact that nothing happens without a cause and causes lead to effect and the process goes on. Karma is how the universe works. Understanding Karma Yoga is a quintessential to finding peace at work, even in a competitive environment, while staying away from anx­iety and fear.

GYANA YOGA 

Path of Vedic scriptures lay significant emphasis on understanding and knowing who we really are -it explains how we are not the body. This knowledge is important because we often think too much in the materialistic sense making us grow more ignorant as well as greedy.The ignorant, as per Bhagavad Gita, is also greedy.This is because greed yields negative Karma, that which ensures negative effect. If you know that only good yields good and bad -bad, you have under­stood the true knowledge about the working of the materialistic world. So, if you knew that something is bad would you pursue it ? Therefore, the person who is corrupt, greedy, jealous, pompous, egoistic etc. is re­ally the ignorant person who often suffers in life owing to the ignorance of truth. Gyana Yoga enlists various truths that are impor­tant in achieving that which is best for one and all and helps us to lead an efficient, effective as well as a prosperous professional and personal life.

KARMA VAIRAGYA YOGA

Renuncia­tion off ruits of action or working without expectations. It is also known as Karma Sanyasa Yoga -it explains actions and inactions, and the true meaning of renunciation. Since for every action, there is a reaction -cause and effect - some may think of inaction as a solution. Bhagavad Gita explains with exceptional brilliance how inaction is also an action. It explains why people must work in some way or the other even to sustain their bodies.It explains how even eating, drinking, sleep­ing is an action as well! You've, therefore, no escape from your Karma -if you are wasting your time, you've to bear the consequences arising thereof. The best Karma, however, is that where you work without the fear of failure or excitement of success. Maintaining a perfect mental equilibrium is a precursor to being called a Yogi.

ABHYASA YOGA

Path of the practice of self -control. This is also known as Astanga Yoga -the yoga as we know it today. When you begin a profession, it is natural for you to have some impediments on working efficiently. Greater efficiency can never be reached unless you've persistently worked with dedication and love the very work you do. Astanga Yoga as the Yoga is known today enables you to prepare your mind and body for the chal­lenges of daily life. It enables you to build a strong body as well as a peaceful mind - both of which are important for being able to work persistently.Persistence is the key to achievement. When you are working without hurting the fine balance of nature - without any traces of fear of failure or con­cerns about success-you've truly conquered yourself and are a Yogi.

PARAMAHAMSA VIGYANA YOGA

Path of wisdom. Wisdom cannot be taught or coached. It's something to be realized. It comes because of a person'swork, experience as well as ded­ ication to common good - Sadhana. When you understand the cause of Vishada and have conquered your senses with relentless Sadhana you attain a stage called Parama­ hamsa Vigyana. Through this stage, you are better prepared to lead, guide as well as mentor your colleagues, family, friends, kith and kin. Your life is perpetual bliss once you attain this state of Paramahamsa.

AKSHARA PARABRAHMA YOGA ­

Path of understanding the nature of phys­ical entities, material activities and ever changing material Vedic sages believed that it's not possible to understand the world unless we understand our deep and true inner self -This understanding of Atman is an important precursor in finding the connection - Yuj - with every being in the universe. We understand people in greater detail when we truly learn and understand knowledge of Atman-Atma Bod ha. Through this understanding, we can better ourselves, those around us -in family and organizations. This realization of the connection between one and all of all living creature leads to true compassion - which results not just in good thoughts and action but also true prosperity for all.



RAJAVIDYA GUHYA YOGA

Connecting with the supreme. Knowing consciousness is not the same as realizing it. The intent of Vedic knowledge is to not just to teach but also to motivate people to follow the teachings. If that which is good is practiced - a greater good which will benefit many can also be achieved. This understanding and adherence to the greater good is what could be understood as Ra­j avidya Guhya Yoga.

VIBHUTI VISTARA YOGA

Path of manifestation of opulence. Vibhuti is often translated as 'Holy ash'. Vibhuti also means Opulence -great wealth and luxury. One of the greatest mistakes people do is to confuse money with wealth. Money is a tool to achieve wealth. Wealth is that which makes us happy. Happiness is that which is attained without Kama (Lust), Krodha (Anger), Moha (Infatuation), Mada (Ego) and Matsarya (Jealousy) -also known as Arishadvargas. When you attain anything without these six impediments or blemishes your life is enriched. This enrichment is ver­ily the Vibhuti - Opulence. Understanding and realizing this opulence is, therefore, important.

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